The Seleka (which means “alliance” in the Sango language) Coalition is an alliance of factions of rebel groups who signed a peace agreements in 2008 which ended the Central African Republic Bush War (2004-2007). The fighters are ex-soldiers and militiamen and are discontent about the compliance of the agreements. From August 2012 onwards, several incidents occurred in Central African Republic in which discontent factions of former rebel groups were involved. They’ve joined forces under the name of the Seleka Coalition and in December 2012 the they’ve started a successful offensive in the North of the Central African Republic (CAR), pushing South towards the capital, Bangui, while taking control of several towns throughout the country. They want the CAR President Francois Bozize to step down.
Since the original post, the Seleka Coalition has successfully ousted Bozizé and Djotodia is the new President of the Central African Republic. Despite it’s success, Seleka rebels continued looting, rape and murder throughout the country. Djotodia announced last Friday (13-09-2013) that the Seleka Coalition is about to be dissolved. That this will stop the violence seems unlikely and recent counter offensives by locals against Seleka rebels are signs that a new civil war lies around the corner.
Country of origin: Central African Republic
Type: guerilla / rebel
Goal: the honouring of peace accords agreed upon between 2007 and 2011 and the resignation of CAR President Francois Bozize
Leader: Michel Djotodia
Strenght: 1.000 – 2.000, Seleka claims 3.000
Opponents: CAR government troops (4.500), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) with soldiers from Angola, Chad, Cameroon, Republic of Congo and Gabon (760), South African forces (400) and some French forces.
State of War: officially dissolved in 2013, however, ex-Séléka rebels are still fighting in CAR
Armament: small arms and RPG’s
Operational territory: All of the middle of CAR, from North to South.
Tactics: guerilla tactics, focused on government (or foreign) troops
Best known feat of arms: The occupation of Bambari, the third city in the country, on December 23rd 2012.