The Pakistani Balochistan region is the biggest and less inhabited province of Pakistan. It is located in western Pakistan on the border with Iran and southern Afghanistan. The Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) was founded in 1999 by Balochi separatists. They are unhappy with the Pakistan government about various things, but mostly it is the economic situation Balochistan is in and the reluctance of the government to deal with it which are the main reasons for the BLA to take up their arms. There are gas- and oil fields present in Balochistan which are being exploited by the Pakistan government, but according to the BLA the government isn’t using the money it makes with gas and oil from the region to invest in the developments in Balochistan. Also non-Balochi are offered jobs that could be done by Balochi people as well. The bigger picture is that Balochi separatist groups strive for a sovereign state of Greater Balochistan, including Pakistan, Iranian and Afghanistan Balochistan territories.
Pakistan is accusing the Indian government of supporting the BLA.
The BLA is declared a terrorist organization by the Pakistan and British governments.
Country of origin: Pakistan, Balochistan Region
Type: Rebel / Guerilla / Terrorist
Objective: The Balochistan Liberation Army is fighting for a free Greater Balochistan, which includes parts of Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan
Leader: Brahamdagh Bugti
Strength: 500 – 10,000
Allies: Baloch Liberation Front, Baloch Republican Army, Lashkar-e-Balochistan, Balochistan Liberation United Front, BSO (Azad)
Opponents: Pakistan and Iran
State of War: actively involved in conflict
Armament: small arms, RPG’s and land mines
Operational territory: Balochistan
Tactics: bombings and armed assaults on soldiers, journalists and civilians working for the government. BLA also attacks governmental resource harvesting installations like oil fields and gas pipelines to reduce the economic incentive for the government’s presence in the province.